Junction boxes are metal or plastic cases that house electrical circuitry. Its primary purpose is to protect electrical circuits from accidents, and tampering attempts. Also, it is used to conceal electrical connections. Electric junction boxes are required by building codes for every electrical connections and circuits inside buildings and houses. Using and installing junction boxes is not that complicated. However, proper knowledge and care must be applied with these things since improper installation of these boxes can risk one of electrical short circuits or other electricity related accidents. If you are unfamiliar on how to install one, keep reading.
The first step is to choose the right junction box that you will install. Junction boxes come with different sizes and shapes. It is essential that the box that you will use should be still spacious even after you place the electrical connections inside it. Also, you must consider the number of connections you will make in it. Some junction boxes have multiple holes with removable tabs, which can allow you to add more connections in it even after it is installed.
For light fixtures, square or round junction boxes are ideal. When it comes to switches and outlets, rectangular single or double gangs are recommended. On the other hand, you should also decide if you would get PVC or metal junction boxes. Both have their respective pros and cons, and it is best that you consult your electrician about this matter.
The next step is to find a good location where you will install the box. The rule of thumb here is to make sure that it will be placed on a location that is accessible to adults, but inaccessible to children. However, if the box will be used for light switches and outlets, you can place them 12 to 36 inches above the floor. Typically, electricians install junction boxes on studs or ceiling joists.
Junction boxes typically come with screws that you will use during the installation, so you should not worry about that. However, it would be necessary for you to use a drill to make way for the junction box’s screws. Once you have drilled the necessary screw holes, you can proceed in attaching the junction box to the stud or joist.
Then, you should now feed the electrical wires inside the box. However, before you do that, it is advisable that you turn off the electricity first. Also, you should wear electrical safety gloves to prevent you from being electrocuted.
Make sure that you only remove the necessary number of tabs from the box. And proceed on inserting the wires. Perform the necessary connections, and secure them with electrical tape. You must also ensure that the wires are securely taped, and are decently separated to avoid contact. Once you are done with that, test the connection by turning the power back on. If the connection did not cause any untoward incident, or it worked well, then it is time for you to place the box’s cover or face plate.
Whenever you are attempting to repair things yourself, there’s a possible danger of electrocution and fire (this danger will increase once you have no information or expertise in repairing things); that’s why it’s always recommendable to get an knowledgeable to troubleshoot any electrical problem in your house or business. Fires, deaths and injuries are just a part of the results of home based electrical systems with low maintenance or no maintenance at all. there’s no reason to cause a serious emergency situation making an attempt to repair one thing just to save some cash, simply contact the service of an knowledgeable in the matter to have your problem fixed in a timely manner and in a skilled way.
After the previous explanation, if you’re still brave enough and willing to undertake to repair any electrical appliance, it’s always recommendable to remember the following tips once you work with electricity:
- always assume overhead wires are live and fatal to the human touch. never attempt to bit it, grab it, or move away, simply leave it there and call the service provider to report the situation.
- Water (and several alternative liquids) conducts electricity; never operate electrical equipment or devices close to or in water or if your hands or clothes are wet.
- If you do not know how it works, how to assemble or disassemble it, it’s simply better to leave it that way. don’t try to be a technician when you aren’t trained for it, things are not to be} as straightforward as they could seem.
- it’s always better to contact the experts. A authorised and licensed skilled worker will be able to examine and verify what’s causing the problem in an exceedingly fast way. Electricians have a trained eye to simply decide what’s inflicting the matter and even have the expertise to give you the simplest solution according to your budget and wishes.